Red Alder (Alnus rubra) is also known as Pacific Coast Alder, Oregon Alder, or Western Alder. It is native to the Pacific Northwest of North America. Local populations grow near the Lower Clearwater, the St. Joe, Pend Oreille, and Coeur D'alene. Red Alder provides browsing for deer and elk, and the seeds remain on the tree well into the fall and winter months, providing food for many birds and small mammals. Beavers eat the bark and build dams with the stems. It is a fast growing, single stemmed, deciduous tree. The bark is thin, smooth, and ashy-grey to greyish-brown, and often covered with white lichen as it gets older. The inner bark is reddish-brown. The leaves are alternate, dark green, simple and broadly ovate. They are 6 to 15 cm long with a pointed tip, serrated or softly lobed, and rolled under slightly. The undersides of the leaves are rusty colored and covered with fine soft hairs. The abundant seeds are wind dispersed from May to the winter months.


Height: Up to 60'

Solar Exposure: Full-sun

Bloom Color: Red catkins grow in clusters of 2-4.

Bloom Time: Catkins appear in Spring, before or with the leaves.


USDA PLANTS Database Link

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_alru2.pdf

Pics from USDA Plant Database: https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALRU2

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California False Hellebore (Veratrum californicum) is also known as Corn Lily, California Corn Lily, White False Hellebore, Cow Candy, and Cow Cabbage. It is native to the Western states in North America and grows in moist, open meadows and hillsides. It is poisonous to insects and pregnant livestock, mainly sheep. It's leaves are alternate, heavily veined, and bright green. It grows from a bulb with rhizomes, and spreads by mast seeding.


Life Cycle: Perennial

Height: 3' to 6'

Solar Exposure: Part-Shade to Full Sun

Bloom Color: Creamy-white

Bloom Time: Spring


USDA PLANTS Database Link

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VECA2


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Western Larch (Larix occidentalis) is also sometimes known as Tamarack, Mountain Larch, or Hackmatack. It is one of the few deciduous conifers, its needles turning yellow and falling to the ground in the Fall. The other deciduous conifers are the Dawn Redwood and the Bald Cypress. Western Larch has a low drought tolerance and requires full sun. It grows in the North Western United States and Canada. The crown is short and open, and the bark resembles P. ponderosa. It has the densest wood of all the North West Conifers, and is the tallest of the larix species.

Height: Up to 200'

Needles: 1-2" long, 15-30 needles per spur

Cones: <2", long, thin, red-brown scales, borne upright, and stay for years


USDA PLANTS Database Link

https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LAOC

Pics from USDA Plant Database: https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LAOC

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