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Updated: Sep 5


September 12, 2023

8:15 AM

Gritman Medical Park (Federal Building)

Latah SWCD Office, Suite 204 (2nd Floor Conference Room)

220 East Fifth Street

Moscow, Idaho

For more information, please contact the Latah SWCD at 208.301.5090 or

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Grand Fir (Abies grandis) is also known as White, Silver, Balsam, or Piss Fir. It is common in moist forests, stream bottoms, valleys, and lower mountain slopes. It prefers North-facing slopes and can grow in a variety of soil types. It is very shade tolerant, especially when young. It is a dominant climax species in some habitat types and a long-lived seral species in others. Grand Fir is the most popular species for Christmas trees in the Northwest because of its thick-foliage, symmetry, deep green shiny color, and strong, orangish fragrance. Fun fact, Grand fir is the tallest known fir species!

Height: Up to 260'

Needles: 1-1.5" dark green above, pale with stripe below, grow in 2 flat rows

Cones: 2-4" cylindrical, borne upright on tree

USDA PLANTS Database Link

Pics from USDA Plant Database:

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